Angus - FAQs
Frequently asked questions about the world's largest beef breed registry
What is a Performance Registration Certificate (PRC)?
Click here to learn more about the Performance Registration Certificate.
and where were Angus cattle first seen in the United States?
George Grant imported four Angus bulls from Scotland to Victoria, Kansas, in 1873.
The black polled bulls, probably from the herd of George Brown of Westertown, Fochabers,
Scotland, made a lasting impression on the U.S. beef industry.Today, the breed forms
the majority of the U.S. cow herd thanks to the commitment of American Angus Association
breeders and their commercial customers. Their stories, Angus news, important updates,
videos and event coverage is available at the Association’s comprehensive web site,
- How many Angus cattle were registered
315,007 head of Angus cattle were registered in fiscal 2012, which ended Sept. 30.
- What states have the most Angus cattle?
The top ten states in registrations for the 2012 fiscal year were:
- How do I join the American Angus Association?
There are five types of Association memberships available: life, regular, junior,
non-resident and affiliate. Membership applications can be accessed online at www.angus.org or by contacting the Association.
A lifetime membership to the American Angus Association costs $1,500. Membership
lasts throughout the life of the sole person named on the membership form, and payments
may be broken into three non-refundable yearly installments. Lifetime memberships
can be issued to one person only, and are not meant for partnerships. The membership
option may be used for a farm name, provided only one person is included on the
A one-year regular membership for $80 may be issued in the name of an individual,
a farm or ranch name, a partnership or a corporation. Regular members receive registration
and voting privileges. Annual renewal of regular membership is $80. For an additional
$50, members receive the Angus Journal®, the official publication of
the American Angus Association.
Junior membership is available to young Angus breeders until they are 21 years old.
Junior membership dues are $20 annually. Juniors may register and transfer Angus
animals under the same rules as regular members. They can also participate in the
National Junior Angus Association (NJAA) and may use Association tools and services.
Residents of countries other than the U.S., its territories or possessions, or Canada
may apply to become non-resident members of the Association. Non-resident membership
dues are $80 annually. Non-resident members register and transfer Angus under the same
rules as regular members.
Affiliate memberships are for individuals and entities that have a registered animal
transferred into their name. Affiliate members may participate in all phases of
the Angus Herd Improvement Records (AHIR®) program, but they do not have rights
to register cattle or to participate in the Association’s election of delegates.
- What attributes make the Angus breed more desirable than other breeds?
Angus cattle offer producers significant advantages through superior genetics; data;
programs and services; and people of the breed.
- Genetics -- Highly demanded Angus genetics continue to put more dollars
in your pocket. Studies show Angus animals bring more at auctions than non-Angus
contemporaries thanks in part to their well-earned reputation for feed efficiency
and superior beef. The low-maintenance breed is known for calving ease and maternal
characteristics, and cattlemen save time and expense with naturally polled, black
Angus calves. Today, Angus and Angus-cross cattle represent the majority of the
total U.S. cow herd, with more than 60% of commercial cattle producers reporting
their herds as Angus.
- Data — With more than 20 million cattle records, the American Angus Association
database is the largest of its kind among beef breeds. Extensive performance programs
are geared toward both purebred and commercial producers, providing a wide range
of selection tools to evaluate genetic needs.
The Association incorporates DNA technology with pedigree and performance data to create
genomic-enhanced expected progeny differences (EPDs). Genomic-enhanced EPDs are calculated
and released to breeders on a weekly basis.
The Association’s information management system allows the organization to accept
electronic data submissions from breeders while providing 24-hour turnaround time
on all registrations, transfers, memberships and performance data.
- Programs and Services— The American Angus Association and its entities dedicate
numerous supporting programs and services toward the success of Angus ranchers and
Helping individuals capitalize on the value of Angus genetics, the Association formed
the first branded beef program 1978. Today, the world-renowned Certified Angus Beef®
brand is the largest branded beef program, topping a recordsetting 663 million pounds
of CAB product in FY 2009.
Through AngusSource® and Gateway, the Association offers two of the most cost-competitive
age- and source-verification programs available. In addition, the Association provides
extensive outreach through 13 regional managers stationed across the country, as
well as a progressive series of Angus activities, events and shows.
The National Junior Angus Association continues to be the largest in the world,
with more than 6,000 active members. The Angus Foundation serves as one of the most
active non-profit organizations in animal agriculture. Angus Productions Inc. (API)
continues to offer award-winning publications, online services, and advertising
opportunities. And Angus Genetics Inc. (AGI) provides services to assist the beef
industry in the genetic evaluation of cattle traits.
- People— Angus isn’t just a breed of cattle or another menu item. Behind
the familiar name are the farmers and ranchers who remain committed to unprecedented
quality and a progressive spirit. The American Angus Association has been built
by the diversity and strength of its members and its network of commercial partners,
feeders, retailers and others.
- What are Expected Progeny Differences (EPDs)? What are $Value indexes?
Expected progeny differences, or EPDs, are a highly accurate means of predicting
how an animal’s offspring will perform. They describe genetic differences between
animals within a breed. For example, a bull’s birth weight EPD will help predict
how much his offspring will weigh at birth in relation to the birth weight of an
average Angus calf. EPDs are based on the performance of the animal and performance
of its ancestors, relatives and progeny. $Value indexes are multi-trait selection
indexes, expressed in dollars per head, to assist beef producers by adding simplicity
to genetic selection decisions. The $Value is an estimate of how future progeny
of each sire are expected to perform, on average, compared to progeny of other sires
in the database if the sires were randomly mated to cows and if calves were exposed
to the same environment.
- What are the requirements for the Certified Angus Beef®
Live cattle must be Angus-influenced: have a predominately (51%) solid black hide,
or AngusSource® enrolled to be eligible for CAB evaluation. They
must meet all of the 10 following criteria to be certified by USDA graders and labeled
with the Certified Angus Beef® brand:
- Modest or higher degree of marbling
- Medium or fine marbling texture
- "A" maturity (both lean & skeletal)
- 10- to 16-square-inch ribeye area
- Less than 1,000-pound hot carcass weight
- Less than 1-inch fat thickness
- Superior muscling (restricts dairy influence)
- Practically free of capillary rupture
- No dark cutting characteristics
- No neck hump exceeding 2 inches
- How is CAB connected to the American Angus Association?
CAB is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Association. The oversight of CAB’s nine-member
CAB Board of Directors—which consists of the Association’s CEO, CAB president and
seven members of its board—and a strong team of dedicated employees work with the
Association to promote the breed, assist producers and ensure quality throughout
the beef supply chain.
- How do I contact Certified Angus Beef LLC?
Information concerning CAB can be found on the Internet at www.cabpartners.com.
If you want to find more about the product or purchase product, visit www.certifiedangusbeef.com.
To learn more about CAB specifications, licensed feedlot partners, supply development
activities or to order products and purchase merchandise, go
online or call CAB
in Wooster, Ohio, at 1-800-225-2333.
- What are the benefits of joining the National Junior Angus Association?
The National Junior Angus Association (NJAA) offers a world of opportunities to
youth. Members of the NJAA are eligible to:
- Register cattle with the Association
- Receive two issues of the Angus Journal annually
- Participate in junior activities including conferences, shows and other contests
- Compete in showmanship
- Receive officer & director leadership training
- Apply for national Junior Recognition Awards and Scholarships
- Where can I find names and addresses of Angus producers?
Names and contact information of Angus producers can be found on the Association
web site at www.angus.org , by clicking on the
member search option.
Ranches that have registered their Web sites with
can be found through "member links" on the site.
In addition, many registered Angus breeders advertise in the Angus Journal.
They can be found in the advertiser's index. For a subscription, visit
or call 816-383-5200.
- How can I use the Association web site to find Angus cattle for sale
and advertise my own cattle for sale?
The Association web site,
hosts a complete listing of upcoming Angus sales and events, sale books and sale
reports. The site also features the online listing of AngusSource®
and Gateway replacement females and feeder cattle and offers online marketing opportunities
AngusSource is a USDA Process Verified Program (PVP) for Angus-sired calves that
documents source, group age and a minimum of 50% Angus genetics. Cattle enrolled
in AngusSource have an AngusSource Verification Certificate that includes the USDA
PVP Shield and documents the source, group age, and the average EPDS and $Values
of the Angus sires. Producers who complete a marketing document for cattle available
for sale are included in weekly e-mails sent to interested buyers.
For more information about this program and additional marketing avenues, contact
any regional manager or the American Angus Association.
- What kind of technological tools are available for Angus producers?
The Association offers a wealth of technological resources and services. AAA Login
and Angus Information Management Software (AIMS) are two primary tools that can
simplify herd management. Both tools, designed and written by the Association, provide
convenient access to herd information and data.
AAA Login is a free, online tool that is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Association members may create a password-protected user profile by visiting
The profile allows members to submit registrations, transfers and AHIR data to the
Association. In addition, it provides access to up-to-date pedigrees, performance
data and EPDs/$Values. It also offers the convenience of electronic payment for
member dues, and Association accounts, including Angus Productions Inc. (API).
AIMS is a Windows®-based herd management tool. It allows producers
to compile and store herd info—including sales, health, income and expense records,
as well as breeding data—in one location. It can also serve as a database for storing
customer names. AIMS is used to simplify AHIR info, which can be transmitted by
disk or e-mail. It offers a simulated breeding feature to assist in sire selection,
and helps predict EPDs for calves from a selected sire. Ratios, rankings and adjusted
weights can also be calculated. Updated EPDs/$Values for all your animals are also
For more information about these tools, click on the AIMS or AAA Login links at
Contact firstname.lastname@example.org for more
information about AAA Login. For more information about AIMS or to purchase this
tool, e-mail email@example.com.
Producers can also use the Association’s Web site to access other useful technological
tools. To access these tools, visit
and click on the “datasearches/tools” link.
- Where can I purchase Angus merchandise?
Angus merchandise can be purchased from the Association, the Angus Foundation and
the American Angus Auxiliary.
The Association’s communications department sells various Angus merchandise such
as clocks, flags, decals, pens, prints of Angus artwork, tattoo kits and calf scales.
Contact the communications department for a list of available items or visit
The Angus Foundation offers a variety of Angus-themed wearables. An Angus history
book and various artwork is also for sale. Contact the Foundation for details or
check out www.angusfoundation.org
Angus-themed gifts are available from the Auxiliary. Items can be ordered by going
to http://www.angussalebarn.com to view
the online catalog.
- What are tattoos and does the Association require them?
Proper identification at birth is essential to maintain accurate herd records. The
Association requires every animal to be permanently identified in order to be eligible
for registration. The Association accepts tattoo marks, freeze-branded marks and
hot-branded marks as forms of “permanent identification.”
Tattoos are an effective way to identify cattle. They are permanent and accurate
when correctly applied. When tattooed correctly, an animal will have a tattoo in
the upper third of each ear, centered horizontally.
Tattoo equipment is available from the Association.
- What is the role of a regional manager?
The 13 regional managers are full-time staff members of the American Angus Association.
They work with cattle breeders in their designated regions to promote Angus cattle,
improve management practices and assist breeders who want to get started in the
Regional managers also work with breeders to make sure their advertising needs are
being met through the Angus Journal and Angus Beef Bulletin.
Regional managers can often be found working Angus sales and shows or representing
the Association at livestock conventions.
Anyone needing assistance is encouraged to contact regional managers.
for the list of Regional Managers.