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The heifer pregnancy (HP) EPDs are designed to characterize differences among sires in the Angus breed
for daughter's heifer pregnancy. When comparing two sires based on their heifer pregnancy EPDs
(reported in units of percentage), a higher EPD sire would be expected to have daughters with a greater
probability or chance of becoming pregnant than a sire with the lower EPD.
A performance database is assembled using available breeding information on first-calf heifers. A heifer's
breeding record is coded as a success or failure of being pregnant, based on any pregnancy check data or
calving information recorded and submitted by the breeder. The heifer contemporary group is defined as
breeding herd, breeding year, season, and synchronization code. Edited data on heifers are analyzed in a
threshold analysis with a full animal model and three generation pedigree. Genomic HD 50K predictions for heifer pregnancy are included as a correlated trait.
Use of Heifer Pregnancy EPDs
Heifer pregnancy EPDs are to be used as a tool to increase the chance of a sire's daughters
becoming pregnant during a normal breeding season. A higher EPD is the more favorable
direction for selection pressure. As with other EPDs, the relative difference among
sires is of importance rather than the absolute value.
Figure 1 provides an example of the use of heifer pregnancy EPDs. Assume there are 100
daughters for each of the two bulls, managed and treated alike in the same breeding
environment. When comparing the two bulls, one would expect an average of 5 more pregnant
daughters out of 100 from Bull A compared with Bull B. Essentially Bull A's daughters have
a 5% greater chance of becoming pregnant than Bull B's daughters.
Figure 1. Heifer Pregnancy EPD example